Mauritius & Diabetes

National Service Framework for Diabetes

The National Service Framework for Diabetes is a ten-year program.
Being conscious of the alarming and ever-pressing effect of diabetes, the Mauritian Government has made it a priority to include the establishment of a National Service Framework for Diabetes (NSFD) in its program. On 20th December 2006, the United Nations General Assembly Resolution emphasized the need for the Member States to develop national policies for the prevention, treatment, and care of diabetes. The NSFD lays out the strategies for diabetes prevention and the standards of diabetes-care to be implemented in Mauritius over a period of ten years. As a local NGO involved in diabetes prevention, APSA International is on the steering committee of the NSFD.

Brief History of Mauritius and Diabetes

Mauritius is an island situated in the Indian Ocean, with a population of 1.15 million made up of five different ethnic groups: Indian, Creole, Muslim, Chinese and European. WHO (World Health Organisation) reports indicate that Mauritius has one of the highest incidences of non-insulin-dependent diabetes in the world. There are a variety of contributing factors for this, some of which include: genetic predisposition, rapid change in eating habits (e.g. influx of fast foods) due to rapid industrialization, obesity, and lack of exercise.

Figures

According to the latest report of National Non-Communicable Disease of the Ministry of Health 2015

  • 257 442 Mauritians aged between 25 – 74 are diabetic
  • 1 out of every 2 Mauritians is either diabetic or pre-diabetic
  • 2,390 persons died of diabetes-related complications in 2016
  • 500 amputations per year due to diabetes, 85% of which could have been prevented

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