Jun 27, 2019 | Post by: admin Comments Off on Importance of Physical Exercise

Importance of Physical Exercise

Regular physical exercise is important for managing diabetes in addition to proper diet, taking medications and stress management. Exercise makes the heart, muscles and bones strong, improves blood circulation, relieves stress and reduces risk for heart disease by lowering blood glucose and blood pressure and improving cholesterol levels.
There are four types of physical exercise recommended for diabetes:
1. Aerobic exercise e.g. walking, cycling, swimming
2. Strengthening/resistance exercises e.g. lifting weights, using resistance bands
3. Flexibility/stretching exercises e.g. stretches, yoga
4. Balance exercises e.g. standing on one leg, walking on a line
It is recommended that, after clearance from a doctor, a person exercises for 30 minutes of moderate-to-vigorous intensity aerobic exercise at least 5 days a week or a total of 150 minutes per week. Exercise can be spread out over at least 3 days during the week but the person should not go more than 2 days in a row without exercising.
Moderate intensity means that the person is working hard enough that he can talk, but not sing, during the activity. Vigorous intensity means he cannot say more than a few words without pausing for a breath during the activity.
If a person is busy and cannot exercise for a 30-minute period during the day, he can break it up into periods of 10 minutes or more. Research has shown that the health benefits are similar when exercising for 30 minutes continuously.
For example, the person may take a brisk 10-minute walk after each meal or he can try doing 15 minutes of aerobics in the morning before work and another 15 minutes when he gets home.
Please note that not all exercises are suitable for everyone. It is best to get advice from your treating doctor/cardiologist. Before attempting a new exercise regime, it is important to take into account factors such as flexibility, strength and overall health to determine whether or not a particular exercise is appropriate, as it can result in personal injury.
Kiran Seeboruth
Occupational Therapist

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